There is a wide spectrum of career options available in the development space that can make the dreams come true. But, the full-stack development position shines through all those programming jobs in terms of large openings for full-stack developers, high pay-scale, and surge in the annual wages a year after another.
The average Full-stack Developer salary in the USA is $112,303 per year where a beginner earns up to $58,500 per year and experienced workers can make up to $185,250 per year.
The surprisingly high salary catch many eyeballs and make the developers go full-stack development way. But, the lucrative opportunity which appears in the form of big bundles is not easy to take a hold of. Acquiring the level of proficiency required for a full-stack developer position is not a cup of everyone’s tea.
Geared up to know more about full-stack development? Let’s understand in a nutshell what full-stack developer is:
The full-stack developer is a web developer who has the expertise and all the necessary skills to build both back-end and front-end of the application. Additionally, the knowledge of different types of databases, version control system, designing, and programming languages is all-important.
If you are thinking to bring the books of front-end and back-end development and then bundling all the knowledge together to become a full-stack pro, it’s the biggest joke of the year. ☺
Ideally, the full-stack developer is an all-rounder guy in the IT industry with depth and breadth of development skills and keeps themselves updated with new technologies releasing in the dynamic development world. In addition to the variety of skills, they are capable of handling all the development work and building the product independently, no matter if its mobile development, native development, or web development.
Take a look at the skills that differentiate the full-stack developer:
a) Know inside out of the programming languages
To build the different components of the project, it’s essential to have expertise in distinct languages such as Java, Python, C#, Ruby, Perl, and PHP. The fundamental knowledge of most used languages is vital.
b) Acquire the knowledge of front-end technologies
c) Don’t forget even back-end technologies
It’s the mystical part of the application that remains hidden, but it’s a backbone of the application that creates a solid foundation of the successful products. Here, the most complicated things such as database operations, application logic layer, and user authentication are handled.
d) Learn the third-party libraries and frameworks usage
The knowledge of frameworks and third-party libraries plays a crucial role in the development that accelerates app development and enhances its functionalities with minimum efforts and resources. The developer must be well-versed in using the frameworks in the right position.
e) Get familiarize with the database
The application existence is put into the question without data. The data is the precious asset that’s stored in a database for easy and quick access. The familiarity with popular databases such as MySQL, MongoDB, Redis, and Oracle is a good practice. Plus, the knowledge of caching options such as Redis, Memcached, and Varnish helps in increasing the system performance.
f) Gain an understanding of fundamental designing
You might be puzzled what a full-stack developer has to do with designing and the design engineering related requirements. It’s true, but having UI design, UX design, and prototype design knowledge helps the full-stack developer to visualize how the app would look like, how the design sync with the target user base, and how the design brings the massive appeal to the app.
g) Get aware of the version control system
The version control system is a boon for the developers that allow them to keep track of all changes made to the code in different versions. When required, the particular version of the codebase can be recalled as a version control system maintain the record of all the versions of the codebase in which changes are made. Git is the popular version control system to update the parts of code, get the latest code, and make changes in another developer’s code without messing up the things.
h) Master other pieces of a puzzle
- The testing is integral to every app development, so front-end and back-end development cannot be an exception. The full-stack developer must be able to write a unit test for the application to make sure it performs glitch-free.
- Every layer in full-stack development is packed with different sorts of vulnerabilities, so keeping security at the heart of the development is important.
- Building the project with global thinking is crucial to make the app perform well in the global market and meet the worldwide user’s needs.
- Building the app that’s the replica of the client’s expectations is impossible unless the developer doesn’t stay in constant communication with the client. Having good communication skills is highly important.
It’s not enough. The great know-how of various software stacks is imperative to meet the client requirements, build the current project, or career goals.
Take a sneak peek inside at some of the popular stacks:
i) LAMP stack
It comprises four major components namely- Linux (The open-source OS that forms the foundation of the LAMP stack), Apache (The webserver), MySQL (Database), and PHP (The server-side scripting language).
ii) MEAN stack
The stack in the robust and maintainable production web application comprises of MongoDB, Express, Angular.JS, and Node.JS.
iii) MERN stack
Combining all the technical knowledge, creativity, and active mindset, the full-stack developers are a perfect fit for the app development regime as they help everyone in the team, ensure seamless communication, and provide the opinions regarding any product or design, which ultimately reduce the development time and cost. Moreover, they play a bigger role in reducing infrastructural and operational cost as one person is performing the functions of different employees.
There are some downsides to it: the full-stack developers are meant to have expertise, skills, and necessary talent in every language, database operations, front-end, and back-end development, which is little-to-not viable for a single person. Sometimes, it results in jack of all trades and master of none, that’s disastrous for the developer and full-stack web Development Company.
What the full-stack developers should do who are supposed to master various skills? How they meet the unrealistic expectation- to be good at everything? Struggling to keep up with all these things? Don’t worry we have got your needs covered.
Here are the tactics that turn a developer into a full-stack development superhero:
1) Decide where you want to be
The full-stack web development is not about learning everything that comes under a full-stack development hood. Instead, the developers have to identify where they excel at and what’s the focus area, and then accordingly take up the path that lands them on the right path.
For instance, Java- the age-old kid on the tech block still holds a great position in the market and if as a developer, you have command over the language, and then you can go high on the full-stack development ladder.
2) Master one language, not all
It’s close to impossible to learn every language with in-depth knowledge and expertise. It seems overwhelming. Instead of reinventing the wheel in focusing on too many languages and becoming master in none, it’s better to champion one language and get the basic knowledge of other languages such as the language grammar, and how to structure, design, test, and implement those languages in the project, if required.
3) Keep the fundamentals clear
4) Be ready to learn
Staying up-to-date with the latest additions in the language, database, technologies, and tools, in addition to bringing a comfort level in working with important technologies is essential. The developers can consider online courses or group-based tutoring sessions that suit the budget, schedule, and project requirements. It lets them learn at speed and with great ease.
5) Join a community
The developer’s community, online forums, chat rooms, or social media groups are the best platforms where developers can easily connect with the experienced players in the same niche, get access to new ways of thinking for the same type of problem, and suggestions to solve the problem. It helps them to build a network of peers, know what’s trending in the market and obtain an instant solution to the development-related concerns.
Wrapping it up
Regardless of the full-stack development knowledge you have, mastering the full-stack development doesn’t happen overnight and can make your next project- a great success. That’s the same thing which companies look at when they hire full-stack developers. What’s your take?
Learn everything that’s under the bounds of possibility, become the master of one, and follow the tactics before you begin developing a full-stack project to hit the sweet spot.