A resume is a biography of a person’s professional activity, starting with education and ending with his current job. In Latin, the term CV is often used.
It translates as the course of life. With its help, you sell your abilities, time, and sophistication to the employer for the amount of monthly compensation that suits you.
For this reason, some large employers do not accept CVs from applicants. Instead, they use their application form for the position. With this simple technique, they are trying to find out about you as many records as possible while not allowing you to hide your weaknesses and embellish strong features, as a properly drawn CV does.
However, the vast majority of employers still use it to select a candidate. So it makes sense to find out how to write a resume and what format for resume to choose.
Why Your Resume Format is Crucial
There are several resume examples, depending on how records are organized and what aspects of the candidate it emphasizes. Not all job candidates are similar, so there is no similar CV either.
Resume format is not just small differences that make a CV better (such as changing color or font), but also a way to organize records within a CV that helps emphasize certain aspects.
The best resume format and a well-written cover letter are the main elements that will help you get an invitation to an interview. Depending on your professional profile, work sophistication, knowledge, education, you will need one or another professional resume format.
Once you determine which type of CV suits you, you can refer to the models and summary templates that will serve as an example for you to write your own.
Three General Types of Resume Formats: Description, Differences
You can arrange records in the CV and present it to the employer in several ways. Below you will find a list of the main types of CVs that you need to use based on your sophistication and field of activity.
This is the most common and simple type of summary. A chronological CV is a universal tool that will suit any employee for any position and its structure is familiar to almost everyone. The main part of it is sophistication. This part is the most crucial. It is necessary to correctly describe the sophistication in the summary to attract the attention of the employer.
This type of CV is most suitable for demonstrating professional advancement in a certain field, career growth in one company.
The main difference between the structure of this summary is that the organizations in which work sophistication is obtained are arranged in a sequential order (the last place of work is indicated first) and each item is accompanied by a brief description of the main duties performed by you.
Chronological type of summary is recommended to use if:
- you have already accumulated substantial work sophistication ;
- career growth can be traced in a certain professional field;
- the direction of your activity has not changed or changed seldom;
- the change of jobs was infrequent;
- you do not plan to change the field of professional activity.
The main advantage of a chronological CV is its simplicity and convenience for reading and perception. The disadvantage is that in the chronological order of the presentation, all jumps or breaks in your career (if any) are obvious.
This type of summary is ineffective if you change the field of professional interests. It does not allow you to emphasize the knowledge that you have accumulated that can be used in another sphere.
In this summary, the focus is on the merits of the applicant, his/her professional success. Exact dates and positions are usually not specified.
A functional CV type is recommended if:
- You have decided to change your professional activities;
- You are looking for work after a long break;
- You often changed your place of work or line of business;
- You do not have work sophistication or it is insignificant.
The main advantage of this type of summary is that it allows you to focus on the most interesting and crucial moments of your career, and not on the place and time of their acquisition. To write a summary of the functional type, it is crucial to rethink your professional sophistication and logically present it.
Since this summary focuses on the abilities of the applicant, you need to clearly understand the position you want to claim and choose from your sophistication only what will be crucial to fulfill your future responsibilities.
Thanks to the functional resume format, you can hide the lack of sophistication, highlighting your strengths. However, not all employers are enthusiastically considering functional summaries. The lack of chronology can alert them.
A functional CV is more suitable for areas of activity in which specific abilities are more crucial than formal sophistication. If you are confident in your knowledge but do not have enough work sophistication, then a functional summary is for you.
This type of CV combines the strengths of chronological and functional ones. You can list all your sophistication by adding to each item a description of your achievements, describe them in more detail.
This is the most convenient kind of summary. It allows you to demonstrate your sophistication and highlight professional successes that will allow the employer to add the complete picture.
Other Mixed/Creative Types of Resume Formats
Deciding on a question on how to format a resume, you can also consider other types of CVs to choose the best one for yourself.
CV of a Temporary Worker
This type of summary suits applicants who have worked simultaneously on several projects for different employers. If such a candidate prepares his CV in chronological order, then it will appear that he is unstable and inclined to change his job frequently.
Therefore, in such a summary, you should first indicate your successes, as in a functional resume, and then list the projects with the dates of their beginning and completion. The main goal is to identify the results achieved.
Europass, or a European resume, is a type of summary widely used in Europe.
This standard allows any candidate, using a single model, to briefly and indicate his education, work sophistication, knowledge, and abilities, as well as language proficiency, academic achievements, publications, or any other records that may be of interest to the employer.
The rather rigid structure and form facilitate job search. However, such a summary is widely used not in every EU country, but also not in every field of work, whether professional or academic.
Although this is not a summary in its purest form, since LinkedIn is a social network, the user’s profile in LinkedIn is his business card for many companies.
In a very short time, LinkedIn has become a crucial tool for finding work in many professional industries, so knowing the CV’s characteristics on LinkedIn will significantly increase the chances of finding a job, especially abroad.
A creative CV is a type of summary created to attract the attention of the person responsible for the selection of candidates. There are several types of creative resume, depending on the candidate’s job sector, and, above all, his ability to innovate and create.
As the name suggests, a video summary is a type of CV in the form of a video. This is a very complex kind of resume. It requires certain technical devices, in addition to ease of behavior in front of the camera.
How to Choose Resume Format
To understand this, you need to answer yourself the following questions:
- What are the main records I would like/wanted to convey to the employer?
- What is better to keep silent in my case? What are the weaknesses of my professional sophistication, which can reduce the chances for an interview in the company, and are there any major achievements that should be separately highlighted in the summary?
- If I’m interested in working in a particular company or a specific vacancy, do I need to adapt the CV by their requirements and preferences?
- Am I going to a permanent job, or I’m only interested in temporary employment?
Do not rush to think about these questions. After you will be easier not only to choose the right kind of resume, but the strategy of job search will become clearer. And do not forget that you can have several different types of resumes.
It is certainly impossible to prepare a summary for all occasions, but, if you work hard, you can significantly expand your capabilities while searching for a job.
Thus, the type of CV depends on your position, sophistication, and job requirements. If you are looking for a job as an ordinary specialist, the chronological resume will be most appropriate, for a higher post a hybrid CV will fit.
It is appropriate to use a functional or hybrid resume for candidates applying for leadership positions. A functional resume is also suitable for candidates without sophistication.
If you are freelancing, it is better to describe your projects in a CV of a temporary worker. And if you know exactly which company and which position you want to go to, then you should use a targeted resume.
As you can see the process of writing a resume is not so simple and conceals a lot of pitfalls. However, having overcome all these difficulties, you will get a high-quality professional CV that will open the way to work your dream.