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The resume is your first step while searching for a job and that has to be perfect. Whichever resume you opt for, video resume, audio resume or the plain text resume, it has to be interesting to leave the employer curious enough to know more about you.

Though the video resume is fast catching the frenzy of the employers and employees, the text resume has not lost its charm. Here, let us discuss the text resume. It is composed of certain elements that need to be appropriate and attractive to attract the employer within a few seconds.

In an ideal text resume, there are certain parts or sections which are quintessential while some are optional. Let us take a tour.

1. Heading         

This is an essential component of your resume. The heading consists of your full name and detailed contact information, which includes your complete postal address, phone number and email address.

The heading should stand out in the resume. It should be instantly visible. The formatting of this section should be simple, with either centre or left-aligned.  


Resume Header or Introduction

2. Career Objective

Fresh graduates applying for the job must have a career objective in their CV. The career objective highlights your intention of applying for the job and also put forward your career goals.

This is important for the first-timers as well as those who are applying for an entry-level job. However, for experienced candidates, this part is optional.

While writing the career objective focus on what your potential employer wants to hear and what you want the employer to know about yourself.

To simplify, you should have a career goal that is in line with the position you are applying for.


Career Objective

3. Resume Summary or Career Summary

A more sought-after section than career objective for the experienced candidates. This is an introductory section that describes who you are and it has to be impressive. It should be packed with your most exclusive skills, abilities, accomplishments and attributes.

Mention the skills that are in accordance with the job. Soft skills that depict your personality should also be mentioned in this section.  


Well-organized, dedicated and competent call centre agent with 3 years of experience in handling both inbound and outbound calls.

Skilled in providing information and assistance to the customers. Exceptional ability to work in the fast-paced corporate world.  

Resume Career Summary

4. Work Experience

A key component of the resume, this section highlights your contributions in the previous jobs.

List all the job positions you have held in a chronological order stating the names and location of each of the employer, along with your joining and leaving dates. Each entry should be described briefly.

Mention all the projects that are relevant to the job. Also, mention any volunteer work if it is relevant to the position you are applying. Include the work position, company name and duration.


Resume Work Experience

5. Pre-Professional Experience

Fresh graduates with no professional experience this section is for you. Highlight here your on-job training, internships and voluntary work that you have done.

The hiring manager is aware that you do not have any previous experience, but by including your volunteer work or internship details will tell him that you are ready to face the professional world.

This will take the same format as the employment history section. Include the work position, the company name and the duration of the service.

6. Technical Skills, or Professional Qualifications

The hiring managers probably are more interested in your technical competencies than your educational background. This is because your technical skills form the basis for determining whether or not you are eligible for the position you have applied for.

Your professional certifications are considered to be proof of your expertise. This section should include all your certifications that are most relevant to the job position. This section could be a decider of your interview ticket.  


Resume Personal Skills

7. Educational Credentials

This section is dedicated to your educational background. Talk about your degrees here. Mention the name of the institute from where you graduated and the major, minor if any. Write the official names of your school, degree and majors and minors, no short form, please.

Mentioning your degree should be sufficient. There is actually no need to include the details from preschool to college.


8. Related Courses

This section is especially important for the undergraduates.

If your educational background does not match with the job you are applying, you need to mention the related courses that you have done. You should write a brief description of each course that you took.

9. Training and Seminars

This part of the resume is optional. Here you will list the training, workshops and seminars that you have attended and that are relevant to the job position you are applying for. This should include the name of the event, date and its venue.

10. Achievements and Awards

Similar to the training and seminars section, this section is also optional. If you think that any award of yours is relevant to the job you are applying for, please mention it.

Also, if you have any extraordinary achievement while graduating you can mention it here.

11. Activities and Interests

Again an optional section, you can list your activities and hobbies that are relevant to the job. This might give you an edge over the other applicants.  

12. References

This is a section that is always controversial. Some schools say that you should include the references in your resume, while some say you should not. The best practice here is to just write in the section, “Available on request”. There should be two references, one for your professional work and the other should be your personal reference.

These are the parts or the section an ideal resume should have. Using this as a guideline, you can start writing one for you.

13. Description

A resume includes certain parts or sections which are quintessential while some are optional here are examples of each section. Using this as a guideline, you can start writing one for you


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